'-ical' words

'-ical' words
Many adjectives end in `-ic' or `-ical'.
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adjectives related to '-ic' nouns
Sometimes an adjective ending in `-ical' is related to a noun ending in `-ic'.

She loved music and played the piano well.

The majority of the finance for musical performances comes from the audiences.

Pareto was a cynic, disillusioned by the society of his day.

...a cynical contempt for truth and decency.

The owner of the hotel is a sports fanatic.

...a fanatical supporter of the government.

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The words in the following two lists are nouns ending in `-ic' which have related adjectives ending in `-ical'.
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These nouns refer to things:
arithmetic, comic, logic, magic, music, tactic
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These nouns refer to people:
comic, critic, cynic, fanatic, mystic, sceptic
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Note that `comic' can refer to a thing (a cartoon magazine) or a person (a comedian).
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`Comic', `fanatic', `magic', and `mystic' can themselves be used as adjectives.
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Many other nouns end in `-ic', for example `fabric', `panic', and `relic', but they do not have related adjectives ending in `-ical'.
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adjectives related to '-ics' nouns
Many nouns end in `-ics'. Sometimes the adjective related to them ends in `-ic' and sometimes it ends in `-ical'.
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The following nouns have related adjectives ending in `-ic':
acoustics, acrobatics, aerobatics, aerobics, aerodynamics, athletics, basics, economics, electronics, genetics, graphics, gymnastics, heroics, histrionics, italics, linguistics, obstetrics, specifics, thermodynamics

...the amazing developments in genetics that have taken place recently.

...the rapid progress being made in the field of genetic research.

...a paper on linguistics and literary criticism.

...students with linguistic ability.

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The following nouns have related adjectives ending in `-ical':
aeronautics, classics, ethics, hysterics, mathematics, physics, statistics, tropics

...the doctor's code of ethics.

...the kinds of ethical and moral problems that will arise.

She was having a fit of hysterics.

It's nothing to get hysterical about, darling.

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Note that `logistics' has two related adjectives: `logistic' and `logistical'.
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'-ic' and '-ical' adjectives
A number of adjectives have forms ending in `-ic' and `-ical', with no great difference in meaning.

There was some scattered ironic applause from the crowd.

He smiled a friendly, slightly ironical smile.

The whole business becomes problematic, tinged with anxiety.

The relationship between private business and government remains unsolved and problematical.

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The following pairs of adjectives have similar meanings:
cyclic - cyclical, egoistic - egoistical, egotistic - egotistical, fanatic - fanatical, geographic - geographical, geometric - geometrical, ironic - ironical, logistic - logistical, mystic - mystical, problematic - problematical, rhythmic - rhythmical, syntactic - syntactical
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Sometimes there is a difference in meaning or use between pairs of adjectives ending in `-ic' and `-ical'. See entries at ↑ classic - classical, ↑ comic - comical, ↑ electric - electrical, ↑ historic - historical, and magic - magical. See also entry at ↑ economics for the difference between `economic' and `economical'.
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other '-ic' adjectives
Some adjectives not mentioned above consist of a noun with `-ic' on the end. The adjective indicates that something is connected with the thing referred to by the noun. For example, if a drink is `alcoholic', it contains alcohol, something that is `magnetic' is like a magnet and causes metal objects to stick to it.

Daniel laughed with idiotic pleasure.

He took a carving knife from a magnetic board on the wall.

I was getting more and more journalistic work.

...distributing photographic products to retailers.

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Sometimes it may not be very clear what noun an `-ic' adjective is related to. For example, `ironic' is related to `irony', not to `iron'; `organic' means `relating to organisms' (living things), not `relating to an organ'; and `manic' means `very energetic or excited', not `relating to a man'.
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Useful english dictionary. 2012.

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  • '-ic' and '-ical' words — Many adjectives end in ic or ical . ◊ adjectives related to ic nouns Sometimes an adjective ending in ical is related to a noun ending in ic . She loved music and played the piano well. The majority of the finance for musical performances comes… …   Useful english dictionary

  • -ical — ist ein Suffix zur Ableitung von Substantiven (Musical, Grusical, Krimical), die der Charakterisierung von Bühnenstücken dienen. Bezeichnet man etwa ein Stück als Erotical, so wird damit angedeutet, dass Erotisches/Sexuelles in ihm eine besondere …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • -ical — suffix. 1 forming adjectives corresponding to nouns or adjectives, usu. in ic (classical; comical; farcical; musical). 2 forming adjectives corresponding to nouns in y (pathological). * * * ə̇kəl, ēk adjective suffix Etymology: Middle English,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • -ical — a combination of ic and al1, used in forming adjectives from nouns (rhetorical), providing synonyms to words ending in ic (poetical), and providing an adjective with additional meanings to those in the ic form (economical). [ME < L icalis. See IC …   Universalium

  • -ical — a compound suffix forming adjectives from nouns (rhetorical), providing synonyms to words ending in ic (poetical), and providing an adjective with additional meanings to those in the ic form (economical). { ic + al1; in some cases representing… …  

  • '-ic' words — Many adjectives end in ic or ical . ◊ adjectives related to ic nouns Sometimes an adjective ending in ical is related to a noun ending in ic . She loved music and played the piano well. The majority of the finance for musical performances comes… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Adjectives — ◊ GRAMMAR An adjective is a word that is used to describe someone or something or give information about them. ◊ form The form of an adjective does not change: the same form is used for singular and plural, for subject and object, and for male… …   Useful english dictionary

  • adjectives — ◊ GRAMMAR An adjective is a word that is used to describe someone or something or give information about them. ◊ form The form of an adjective does not change: the same form is used for singular and plural, for subject and object, and for male… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Kapampangan language — language name=Kapampangan familycolor=Austronesian states=Philippines region=Central Luzon speakers=2.4 million fam2=Malayo Polynesian fam3=Borneo Philippines fam4=Central Luzon script=Latin (Iindigenized or Spanish variant); Historically written …   Wikipedia

  • Pleonasm — is the use of more words (or even word parts) than necessary to express an idea clearly. A closely related concept is rhetorical tautology, in which essentially the same thing is said more than once in different words (e.g black darkness , cold… …   Wikipedia

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